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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Eastern Bloc 00:06:40 1 Terminology 00:07:58 2 The Soviet Union and World War II in Central and Eastern Europe 00:08:41 2.1 Expansion of the Soviet Union from 1939 to 1940 00:11:26 2.2 Eastern Front and Allied conferences 00:14:57 3 Concealed transformation dynamics 00:16:49 4 Early events prompting stricter control 00:17:00 4.1 Marshall Plan rejection 00:19:04 4.2 Berlin blockade and airlift 00:20:16 4.3 Tito–Stalin split 00:22:30 5 Politics 00:24:48 5.1 Political and civil restrictions 00:27:25 5.2 Media and information restrictions 00:29:45 6 Religion 00:30:07 7 Organizations 00:32:36 8 Emigration restrictions and defectors 00:35:53 9 Population 00:37:54 10 Housing 00:38:42 10.1 Housing quality 00:41:58 11 Economies 00:43:06 11.1 Social conditions 00:45:50 11.2 Initial changes 00:45:58 11.2.1 Transformations billed as reforms 00:48:29 11.2.2 Asset relocation 00:49:48 11.2.3 Trade and Comecon 00:51:43 11.3 Five Year Plans 00:54:16 11.4 Heavy industry emphasis 00:59:10 11.5 Black markets 01:00:16 11.6 Urbanization 01:01:27 11.7 Agricultural collectivization 01:05:34 11.8 Economic growth 01:14:16 11.8.1 Growth rates 01:20:46 11.9 Development policies 01:25:42 11.10 Shortages 01:28:03 12 Revolts 01:28:12 12.1 1953 East Germany uprising 01:30:17 12.2 Hungarian Revolution of 1956 01:33:31 12.3 Prague Spring and the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia 01:36:04 13 Dissolution 01:39:07 13.1 Aftermath 01:39:59 13.2 List of surviving Eastern Bloc states 01:40:27 14 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Eastern Bloc (also the Socialist Bloc, the Communist Bloc, and the Soviet Bloc) was the group of Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, East Asia, and Southeast Asia under the hegemony of the USSR during the Cold War (1945–91), in opposition to the non-communist Western Bloc. Generally, in Western Europe, the term Eastern bloc comprised the USSR and its East European satellite-states, in the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon); in Asia, the Socialist bloc comprised the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and the People's Republic of Kampuchea; the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the People's Republic of China (before the Sino-Soviet split in 1961); and in the Americas, the Communist bloc included the Caribbean Republic of Cuba, since 1961.Joseph Stalin's control of the Eastern Bloc was tested by the 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état and the Tito–Stalin Split for control of Socialist Yugoslavia, the Chinese Communist Revolution (1949), and the PRC's participation in the Korean War. In 1953, after Stalin's death, the Korean War ceased with the 1954 Geneva Conference, and, in Europe, anti-Soviet sentiment provoked the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany. The break-up of the Eastern Bloc began in 1956, with Nikita Khrushchev's anti-Stalinist speech On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences denouncing Stalin, which facilitated the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, which the Soviet Union suppressed, and the Sino–Soviet Split with the PRC, which gave North Korea and North Vietnam more independence from both, and facilitated the Soviet–Albanian split. The Cuban Missile Crisis preserved the Cuban Revolution from rollback by the U.S., but Fidel Castro became increasingly independent of Soviet rule afterwards, most notably in its 1975 intervention in Angola. That year, the fall of former French Indochina to communism following the end of the Vietnam War gave the Eastern Bloc renewed confidence which had been frayed by Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev's 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia to suppress the Prague Spring, which had led to Albania withdrawing from the Pact, briefly aligning with Mao Zedong's China until the Sino-Albanian split. Under the Brezhnev Doctrine, the Soviet Union reserved the right to intervene in other Communist countries. In response, China moved towards the United States following a 1969 border war which almost went nuclear, and late ...